Основные параметры загрузчика

Bootloader interface

By default, Mageia uses exclusively:

  • Grub2 (with or without graphical menu) for a Legacy/MBR or Legacy/GPT system

  • Grub2-efi for a UEFI system.


The Mageia graphical menus are nice :)

Grub2 on Legacy/MBR and Legacy/GPT systems

Не изменяйте "Загрузочное устройство", если на самом деле не знаете, что вы делаете.

Grub2-efi on UEFI systems

With an UEFI system, the user interface is slightly different as you cannot choose between with or without graphical menu

If Mageia is the only system installed on your computer, the installer created an ESP (EFI System Partition) to receive the bootloader (Grub2-efi). If there are already UEFI operating systems installed on your computer (Windows 8 for example), the Mageia installer detects the existing ESP created by Windows and adds grub2-efi. Although it is possible to have several ESPs, only one is advised and enough whatever the number of operating systems you have.

Не изменяйте "Загрузочное устройство", если на самом деле не знаете, что вы делаете.

Использование загрузчика Mageia

By default, according to your system, Mageia writes a new:

  • GRUB2 bootloader either into the MBR (Master Boot Record) of your first hard drive or in the BIOS boot partition.

  • Grub2-efi bootloader into the ESP

If you already have other operating systems installed, Mageia attempts to add them to your new Mageia boot menu. If you don't want this behaviour, click on Next and then uncheck the box Probe Foreign OS

Использование уже установленного загрузчика

Полный перечень шагов добавления пункта ОС Mageia в меню уже установленного загрузчика не является предметом этой справочной страницы. Впрочем, в основном, эти шаги связаны с запуском соответствующей программы установки загрузчика, которая должна выявить и добавить пункт системы в автоматическом режиме. Соответствующие пояснения должны быть приведены в документации другой операционной системы.

Using chain loading

If you don't want a bootable Mageia, but to chain load it from another OS, click on Next, then on Advanced and Check the box Do not touch ESP or MBR.

You will get a warning that the bootloader is missing, ignore it by clicking OK.


First page

  • Delay before booting the default image: This text box lets you set a delay in seconds before the default operating system is started up.

  • Security: This allows you to set a password for the bootloader. This means a username and password will be asked at the boot time to select a booting entry or change settings. The username is "root" and the password is the one chosen here after.

  • Password: This text box is where you actually put the password

  • Password (again): Retype the password and Drakx will check that it matches with the one set above.

  • Advanced

    • Enable ACPI: ACPI (Advanced Configuration and Power Interface) is a standard for the power management. It can save energy by stopping unused devices, this was the method used before APM. Unchecking it could be useful if, for example, your computer does not support ACPI or if you think the ACPI implementation might cause some problems (for instance random reboots or system lockups).

    • Enable SMP: This option enables / disables symmetric multiprocessing for multi core processors.

    • Enable APIC: Enabling or disabling this gives the operating system access to the Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller. APIC devices permit more complex priority models, and Advanced IRQ (Interrupt Request) management.

    • Enable Local APIC: Here you can set local APIC, which manages all external interrupts for a specific processor in an SMP system.

Next page

  • Default: Operating system started up by default

  • Append: This option lets you pass the kernel information or tell the kernel to give you more information as it boots.

  • Probe foreign OS: see above Using a Mageia bootloader

  • Advanced

    • Video mode: This sets the screen size and colour depth the boot menu will use. If you click the down triangle you will be offered other size and colour depth options.

    • Do not touch ESP or MBR: see above Using the chain loading

CC BY-SA 3.0
Uploaded on 14/07/2017
loading table of contents...