Na této obrazovce si můžete vybrat mezi několika systémovými nástroji a nástroji pro správu. Klikněte na odkaz níže a dozvíte se více.



This tool[26] enables you to modify the manner in which you can be recognized as user of the machine or on the net.

By default, information for your authentication is stored in a file on your computer. Modify it only if your network administrator invites you to do so and give information about that.

Spouštět a zastavovat systémové služby


This page hasn't been written yet for lack of resources. If you think you can write this help, please contact the Doc team. Thanking you in advance.

Tento nástroj můžete spustit, jako root, přes příkazovou řádku, pomocí příkazu drakxservices.

Spravovat, přidávat a odebírat písma, včetně importu písem ze systému Windows(TM)


This tool[27] is present in the Mageia Control Center under the System tab. It allows you to manage the fonts available on the computer. The main screen above shows:

  • the installed font names, styles and sizes.

  • a preview of the selected font.

  • some buttons explained here later.

Get Windows Fonts:

This button automatically adds the fonts found on the Windows partition. You must have Microsoft Windows installed.


It allows you to specify the applications or devices (printers mostly) able to use the fonts.


This button is to remove installed fonts and possibly save some place. Be careful when removing fonts because it may have serious consequences on the documents that use them.


Allows you to add fonts from a third party (CD, internet, ...). The supported formats are ttf, pfa, pfb, pcf, pfm and gsf. Click on the Import button and then on Add, a file manager pops up where you can select the fonts to install, click on Install when done. They are installed in the folder /usr/share/fonts.

If the newly installed (or removed) fonts doesn't appear in the Drakfont main screen, close and re open it to see the modifications.

Upravit datum a čas


This tool[28] is found under the tab System in the Mageia Control Center labelled "Manage date and time". In some desktop environments it is also available by a right click / Adjust date and Time ... on the clock in the system tray.

It's a very simple tool.

On the upper left part, is the calendar. On the screenshot above, the date is September (on the upper left), 2012 (on the upper right), the 2nd (in blue) and it is a Sunday. Select the month (or year) by clicking on the little arrows on each side of September (or 2012). Select the day by clicking on its number.

On the bottom left is the Network Time Protocol synchronising, it is possible to have a clock always on time by synchronising it with a server. Check Enable Network Time Protocol and choose the closest server.

On the right part is the clock. It's useless to set the clock if NTP is enabled. Three boxes display hours, minutes and seconds (15, 28 and 22 on the screenshot). Use the little arrows to set the clock to the correct time. The format can't be changed here, see your desktop environment settings for that.

At least, on the bottom right, select your time zone by clicking on the Change Time Zone button and choosing in the list the nearest town.


Even if it isn't possible to choose a date or time format in this tool, they will be displayed on your desktop in accordance with the localisation settings.

Upravit nastavení lokalizace systému


This tool[29] can be found in the System section of the Mageia Control Center (MCC) labelled "Manage localization for your system". It opens with a window in which you can choose your language. The choice is adapted to languages selected during installation.

The Advanced button give access to activate compatibility with old encoding (non UTF8).

The second window shows a list of countries according to the selected language. The button Other Countries gives access to countries not listed.

You have to restart your session after any modifications.

Vstupní metoda

In the Other Countries screen you can also select an input method (from the drop-down menu at the bottom of the list). Input methods allow users to input multilingual characters (Chinese, Japanese, Korean, etc).

For Asian and African locales, IBus will be set as default input method so users should not need to configure it manually.

Other input methods (SCIM, GCIN, HIME, etc.) also provide similar functions and can, if not available from the drop-down menu, be installed in another part of the Mageia Control Center. See „Software Management (Install and Remove Software)“.

Prohlížet a prohledávat systémové záznamy


This tool[30] is found in the Mageia Control Center System tab, labelled "View and search system logs".

To do a search in the logs

First, enter the key string you want to look for in the Matching field and/or the key string you want to do not wish to see amongst the answers in the field but not matching. Then select the file(s) to search in the Choose file field. Optionally, it is possible to limit the search to only one day. Select it in the Calendar, using the little arrows on each side of the month and year, and check "Show only for the selected day". At last, click on the search button to see the results in the window called Content of the file. It is possible to save the results in the .txt format by clicking on the Save button.


The Mageia Tools Logs houses the logs from the Mageia configuration tools such as the Mageia Control Center tools. These logs are updated each time a configuration is modified.

To configure a mail alert

Mail alert automatically checks the system load and the services every hour and if necessary sends an e-mail to the configured address.

To configure this tool, click on the Mail Alert button and then, in the next screen, on the Configure the mail alert system drop down button. Here, all the running services are displayed and you can choose which ones you want to look watch. (See screenshot above).

The following services can be watched :

  • Služba Webmin

  • Postfix Mail Server

  • FTP Server

  • Apache webový Server

  • SSH Server

  • Samba Server

  • Xinetd Service

  • BIND Domain Name Resolve

In the next screen, select the Load value you consider unacceptable. The load represents the demand to a process, a high load slows the system down and a very high load may indicate that a process has gone out of control. The default value is 3. We recommend setting the load value to 3 times the number of processors.

In the last screen, enter the Email address of the person to be warned and the Email server to use (local or on the Internet).

Spustit konzoli jako správce systému


This tool[31] gives you access to a console which is directly opened as root. We do not think that you need more information about that.

Uživatelé a skupiny


This tool[32] is found under the System tab in the Mageia Control Center labelled "Manage users on system"

The tool allows an administrator to manage the users and the groups, this means to add or delete a user or group and to modify user and group settings (ID, shell, ...)

When userdrake is opened, all the users existing on the system are listed in the Users tab, and all the groups in the Groups tab. Both tabs operate the same way.

1 Přidat uživatele

This button opens a new window with all fields shown empty:

The field Full Name is intended for the entry of a family name and first name, but it is possible to write anything or nothing as well!

Login is the only required field.

Setting a Password is highly recommended. There is a little shield on the right, if it is red, the password is weak, too short or is too similar to the login name. You should use figures, lower and upper case characters, punctuation marks, etc. The shield will turn orange and then green as the password strength improves.

Confirm Password field is there to ensure you entered what you intended to.

Login Shell is a drop down list that allows you to change the shell used by the user you are adding, the options are Bash, Dash and Sh.

Create a private group for the user, if checked will automatically create a group with the same name and the new user as the only member (this may be edited).

The other options should be obvious. The new user is created immediately after you click on OK.

2 Přidat skupinu

You only need to enter the new group name, and if required, the specific group ID.

3 Upravit (vybraného uživatele)

User Data: Allows you to modify all the data given for the user at creation (the ID can't be changed).

Account Info:

The first option is for setting an expiration date for the account. Connection is impossible after this date. This is useful for temporary accounts.

The second option is to lock the account, connection is impossible as long as the account is locked.

It is also possible to change the icon.

Password Info: Allows you to set an expiration date for the password, this forces the user to change his password periodically.

Group: Here you can select the groups that the user is a member of.


If you are modifying a connected user account, modifications will not be effective until his/her next login.

4 Upravit (s vybranou skupinou)

Group Data: Allows you to modify the group name.

Group Users: Here you can select the users who are members of the group

5 Smazat

Select a user or a group and click on Delete to remove it. For a user, a window appears to ask if home directory and mailbox must also be deleted. If a private group has been created for the user, it will be deleted as well.


It is possible to delete a group which is not empty.

6 Obnovit

The User database can be changed outside of Userdrake. Click on this icon to refresh the display.

7 Účet hosta

guest is a special account. It is intended to give somebody temporary access to the system with total security. Login is xguest, there is no password, and it is impossible to make modifications to the system from this account. The personal directories are deleted at the end of the session. This account is enabled by default, to disable it, click in the menu on Actions -> Uninstall guest account.

Importovat dokumenty a nastavení z MS Windows


This tool[33] is found under the System tab in the Mageia Control Center labeled Import Windows(TM) documents and settings

The tool allows an administrator to import the user documents and settings from a Windows® 2000, Windows® XP or Windows® Vista™ installation on the same computer as the Mageia installation.


Please note that all the changes will be applied by transfugdrake immediately after pressing Next.

After starting transfugdrake you will see the first wizard page with some explanation about the tool and import options.

As soon as you read and understand the instructions, press the Next button. This should run a detection of Windows® installation.

When the detection step is complete you will see a page which allows you to choose accounts in Windows® and Mageia for the import procedure. It is possible to choose other user account than yours own.


Please take into account that due to migrate-assistant (the backend of transfugdrake) limitations Windows® user account names with special symbols can be displayed incorrectly.


Migration may take some time depending on the size of the document folders.


Some Windows® applications (especially drivers) may create user accounts for different purposes. For example, NVidia drivers in Windows®are updated using UpdatusUser. Please do not use such accounts for the import purposes.

When you finished with the accounts selection press Next button. The next page is used to select a method to import documents:

Transfugdrake is designed to import Windows® data from My Documents, My Music and My Pictures folders. It is possible to skip import by selecting the appropriate item in this window.

When you finished with the document import method choosing press Next button. The next page is used to select a method to import bookmarks:

Transfugdrake can import Internet Explorer and Mozilla Firefox bookmarks into the bookmarks of Mageia Mozilla Firefox instance.

Choose the preferred import option and press the Next button.

The next page allows you to import desktop background:

Choose the preferred option and press the Next button.

The last page of wizard shows some congratulation message. Just press the Finish button.



This tool[34] is available in MCC's System tab, in the Administration tools section.

When you start this tool in MCC for the first time, you will see a message about installing draksnapshot. Click on Install to proceed. Draksnapshot and some other packages it needs will be installed.

Click again on Snapshots, you will see the Settings screen. Tick Enable Backups and, if you want to backup the whole system, Backup the whole system.

If you only want to backup part of your directories, then choose Advanced. You will see a little pop-up screen. Use the Add and Remove buttons next to the Backup list to include or exclude directories and files from the backup. Use the same buttons next to the Exclude list to remove subdirectories and/or files from the chosen directories, that should not be included in the backup. Click on Close when you are done.

Now give the path to Where to backup, or choose the Browse button to select the correct path. Any mounted USB-key or external HD can be found in /run/media/your_user_name/.

Click on Apply to make the snapshot.

[26] Tento nástroj můžete spustit, jako root, přes příkazovou řádku, pomocí příkazu drakauth.

[27] Tento nástroj můžete spustit z příkazového řádku zadáním drakfont jako root.

[28] Tento nástroj můžete spustit, jako root, přes příkazovou řádku, pomocí příkazu drakclock.

[29] Tento nástroj můžete spustit, jako root, přes příkazovou řádku, pomocí příkazu localedrake.

[30] Tento nástroj můžete spustit, jako root, přes příkazovou řádku, pomocí příkazu logdrake.

[31] Tento nástroj můžete spustit, jako root, přes příkazovou řádku, pomocí příkazu drakconsole.

[32] You can start this tool from the command line, by typing userdrake as root.

[33] You can start this tool from the command line, by typing transfugdrake as root.

[34] Tento nástroj můžete spustit, jako root, přes příkazovou řádku, pomocí příkazu draksnapshot-config.

CC BY-SA 3.0
Uploaded on 02/07/2019
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